Windows Utilities

Windows XP/VISTA/WINDOWS 7 Keyboard Shortcuts:
 ALT+- (ALT+hyphen) Displays the Multiple Document Interface (MDI) child window's System menu
 ALT+ENTER View properties for the selected item
 ALT+ESC Cycle through items in the order they were opened
 ALT+F4 Close the active item, or quit the active program
 ALT+SPACEBAR Display the System menu for the active window
 ALT+TAB Switch between open items
 ALT+Underlined letter Display the corresponding menu
 BACKSPACE View the folder one level up in My Computer or Windows Explorer
 CTRL+A Select all
 CTRL+B Bold
 CTRL+C Copy
 CTRL+I Italics
 CTRL+O Open an item
 CTRL+U Underline
 CTRL+V Paste
 CTRL+Z Undo
 CTRL+F4 Close the active document
 CTRL while dragging Copy selected item
 CTRL+SHIFT while dragging Create shortcut to selected iteM
 CTRL+RIGHT ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next word
 CTRL+LEFT ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word
 CTRL+DOWN ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph
 CTRL+UP ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragraph
 SHIFT+DELETE Delete selected item permanently without placing the item in the Recycle Bin
 ESC Cancel the current task
 F1 Displays Help
 F2 Rename selected item
 F3 Search for a file or folder
 F4 Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows Explorer
 F5 Refresh the active window
 F6 Cycle through screen elements in a window or on the desktop
 F10 Activate the menu bar in the active program
 SHIFT+F10 Display the shortcut menu for the selected item
 CTRL+ESC Display the Start menu
 SHIFT+CTRL+ESC Launches Task Manager
 SHIFT when you insert a CD Prevent the CD from automatically playing
 WIN Display or hide the Start menu
 WIN+BREAK Display the System Properties dialog box
 WIN+D Minimizes all Windows and shows the Desktop
 WIN+E Open Windows Explorer
 WIN+F Search for a file or folder
 WIN+F+CTRL Search for computers
 WIN+L Locks the desktop
 WIN+M Minimize or restore all windows
 WIN+R Open the Run dialog box
 WIN+TAB Switch between open items
Run Commands:
compmgmt.msc - Computer management
 devmgmt.msc - Device manager
 diskmgmt.msc - Disk management
 dfrg.msc - Disk defrag
 eventvwr.msc - Event viewer
 fsmgmt.msc - Shared folders
 gpedit.msc - Group policies
 lusrmgr.msc - Local users and groups
 perfmon.msc - Performance monitor
 rsop.msc - Resultant set of policies
 secpol.msc - Local security settings
 services.msc - Various Services
 msconfig - System Configuration Utility
 regedit - Registry Editor
 msinfo32 _ System Information
 sysedit _ System Edit
 win.ini _ windows loading information(also system.ini)
 winver _ Shows current version of windows
 mailto: _ Opens default email client
 command _ Opens command prompt
Run Commands to access the control panel:
Add/Remove Programs control appwiz.cpl
 Date/Time Properties control timedate.cpl
 Display Properties control desk.cpl
 FindFast control findfast.cpl
 Fonts Folder control fonts
 Internet Properties control inetcpl.cpl
 Keyboard Properties control main.cpl keyboard
 Mouse Properties control main.cpl
 Multimedia Properties control mmsys.cpl
 Network Properties control netcpl.cpl
 Password Properties control password.cpl
 Printers Folder control printers
 Sound Properties control mmsys.cpl sounds
 System Properties control sysdm.cpl
Command Prompt:
ANSI.SYS Defines functions that change display graphics, control cursor movement, and reassign keys.
 APPEND Causes MS-DOS to look in other directories when editing a file or running a command.
 ARP Displays, adds, and removes arp information from network devices.
 ASSIGN Assign a drive letter to an alternate letter.
 ASSOC View the file associations.
 AT Schedule a time to execute commands or programs.
 ATMADM Lists connections and addresses seen by Windows ATM call manager.
 ATTRIB Display and change file attributes.
 BATCH Recovery console command that executes a series of commands in a file.
 BOOTCFG Recovery console command that allows a user to view, modify, and rebuild the boot.ini
 BREAK Enable / disable CTRL + C feature.
 CACLS View and modify file ACL's.
 CALL Calls a batch file from another batch file.
 CD Changes directories.
 CHCP Supplement the International keyboard and character set information.
 CHDIR Changes directories.
 CHKDSK Check the hard disk drive running FAT for errors.
 CHKNTFS Check the hard disk drive running NTFS for errors.
 CHOICE Specify a listing of multiple options within a batch file.
 CLS Clears the screen.
 CMD Opens the command interpreter.
 COLOR Easily change the foreground and background color of the MS-DOS window.
 COMP Compares files.
 COMPACT Compresses and uncompress files.
 CONTROL Open control panel icons from the MS-DOS prompt.
 COPY Copy one or more files to an alternate location.
 CTTY Change the computers input/output devices.
 DATE View or change the systems date.
 DEBUG Debug utility to create assembly programs to modify hardware settings.
 DEFRAG Re-arrange the hard disk drive to help with loading programs.
 DEL Deletes one or more files.
 DELETE Recovery console command that deletes a file.
 DELTREE Deletes one or more files and/or directories.
 DIR List the contents of one or more directory.
 DISABLE Recovery console command that disables Windows system services or drivers.
 DISKCOMP Compare a disk with another disk.
 DISKCOPY Copy the contents of one disk and place them on another disk.
 DOSKEY Command to view and execute commands that have been run in the past.
 DOSSHELL A GUI to help with early MS-DOS users.
 DRIVPARM Enables overwrite of original device drivers.
 ECHO Displays messages and enables and disables echo.
 EDIT View and edit files.
 EDLIN View and edit files.
 EMM386 Load extended Memory Manager.
 ENABLE Recovery console command to enable a disable service or driver.
 ENDLOCAL Stops the localization of the environment changes enabled by the setlocal command.
 ERASE Erase files from computer.
 EXIT Exit from the command interpreter.
 EXPAND Expand a M*cros*ft Windows file back to it's original format.
 EXTRACT Extract files from the M*cros*ft Windows cabinets.
 FASTHELP Displays a listing of MS-DOS commands and information about them.
 FC Compare files.
 FDISK Utility used to create partitions on the hard disk drive.
 FIND Search for text within a file.
 FINDSTR Searches for a string of text within a file.
 FIXBOOT Writes a new boot sector.
 FIXMBR Writes a new boot record to a disk drive.
 FOR Boolean used in batch files.
 FORMAT Command to erase and prepare a disk drive.
 FTP Command to connect and operate on a FTP server.
 FTYPE Displays or modifies file types used in file extension associations.
 GOTO Moves a batch file to a specific label or location.
 GRAFTABL Show extended characters in graphics mode.
 HELP Display a listing of commands and brief explanation.
 IF Allows for batch files to perform conditional processing.
 IFSHLP.SYS 32-bit file manager.
 IPCONFIG Network command to view network adapter settings and assigned values.
 KEYB Change layout of keyboard.
 LABEL Change the label of a disk drive.
 LH Load a device driver in to high memory.
 LISTSVC Recovery console command that displays the services and drivers.
 LOADFIX Load a program above the first 64k.
 LOADHIGH Load a device driver in to high memory.
 LOCK Lock the hard disk drive.
 LOGON Recovery console command to list installations and enable administrator login.
 MAP Displays the device name of a drive.
 MD Command to create a new directory.
 MEM Display memory on system.
 MKDIR Command to create a new directory.
 MODE Modify the port or display settings.
 MORE Display one page at a time.
 MOVE Move one or more files from one directory to another directory.
 MSAV Early M*cros*ft Virus scanner.
 MSD Diagnostics utility.
 MSCDEX Utility used to load and provide access to the CD-ROM.
 NBTSTAT Displays protocol statistics and current TCP/IP connections using NBT
 NET Update, fix, or view the network or network settings
 NETSH Configure dynamic and static network information from MS-DOS.
 NETSTAT Display the TCP/IP network protocol statistics and information.
 NLSFUNC Load country specific information.
 NSLOOKUP Look up an IP address of a domain or host on a network.
 PATH View and modify the computers path location.
 PATHPING View and locate locations of network latency.
 PAUSE Command used in batch files to stop the processing of a command.
 PING Test / send information to another network computer or network device.
 POPD Changes to the directory or network path stored by the pushd command.
 POWER Conserve power with computer portables.
 PRINT Prints data to a printer port.
 PROMPT View and change the MS-DOS prompt.
 PUSHD Stores a directory or network path in memory so it can be returned to at any time.
 QBASIC Open the QBasic.
 RD Removes an empty directory.
 REN Renames a file or directory.
 RENAME Renames a file or directory.
 RMDIR Removes an empty directory.
 ROUTE View and configure windows network route tables.
 RUNAS Enables a user to execute a program on another computer.
 SCANDISK Run the scandisk utility.
 SCANREG Scan registry and recover registry from errors.
 SET Change one variable or string to another.
 SETLOCAL Enables local environments to be changed without affecting anything else.
 SETVER Change MS-DOS version to trick older MS-DOS programs.
 SHARE Installs support for file sharing and locking capabilities.
 SHIFT Changes the position of replaceable parameters in a batch program.
 SHUTDOWN Shutdown the computer from the MS-DOS prompt.
 SMARTDRV Create a disk cache in conventional memory or extended memory.
 SORT Sorts the input and displays the output to the screen.
 START Start a separate window in Windows from the MS-DOS prompt.
 SUBST Substitute a folder on your computer for another drive letter.
 SWITCHES Remove add functions from MS-DOS.
 SYS Transfer system files to disk drive.
 TELNET Telnet to another computer / device from the prompt.
 TIME View or modify the system time.
 TITLE Change the title of their MS-DOS window.
 TRACERT Visually view a network packets route across a network.
 TREE View a visual tree of the hard disk drive.
 TYPE Display the contents of a file.
 UNDELETE Undelete a file that has been deleted.
 UNFORMAT Unformat a hard disk drive.
 UNLOCK Unlock a disk drive.
 VER Display the version information.
 VERIFY Enables or disables the feature to determine if files have been written properly.
 VOL Displays the volume information about the designated drive.
 XCOPY Copy multiple files, directories, and/or drives from one location to another.
 TRUENAME When placed before a file, will display the whole directory in which it exists
 TASKKILL It allows you to kill those unneeded or locked up applications
Windows Explorer Shortcuts:
ALT+SPACEBAR - Display the current window’s system menu
 SHIFT+F10 - Display the item's context menu
 CTRL+ESC - Display the Start menu
 ALT+TAB - Switch to the window you last used
 ALT+F4 - Close the current window or quit
 CTRL+A - Select all items
 CTRL+X - Cut selected item(s)
 CTRL+C - Copy selected item(s)
 CTRL+V - Paste item(s)
 CTRL+Z - Undo last action
 CTRL+(+) - Automatically resize the columns in the right hand pane
 TAB - Move forward through options
 ALT+RIGHT ARROW - Move forward to a previous view
 ALT+LEFT ARROW - Move backward to a previous view
 SHIFT+DELETE - Delete an item immediately
 BACKSPACE - View the folder one level up
 ALT+ENTER - View an item’s properties
 F10 - Activate the menu bar in programs
 F6 - Switch between left and right panes
 F5 - Refresh window contents
 F3 - Display Find application
 F2 - Rename selected item
Internet Explorer Shortcuts:
CTRL+A - Select all items on the current page
 CTRL+D - Add the current page to your Favorites
 CTRL+E - Open the Search bar
 CTRL+F - Find on this page
 CTRL+H - Open the History bar
 CTRL+I - Open the Favorites bar
 CTRL+N - Open a new window
 CTRL+O - Go to a new location
 CTRL+P - Print the current page or active frame
 CTRL+S - Save the current page
 CTRL+W - Close current browser window
 CTRL+ENTER - Adds the http://www. (url) .com
 SHIFT+CLICK - Open link in new window
 BACKSPACE - Go to the previous page
 ALT+HOME - Go to your Home page
 HOME - Move to the beginning of a document
 TAB - Move forward through items on a page
 END - Move to the end of a document
 ESC - Stop downloading a page
 F11 - Toggle full-screen view
 F5 - Refresh the current page
 F4 - Display list of typed addresses
 F6 - Change Address bar and page focus
 ALT+RIGHT ARROW - Go to the next page
 SHIFT+CTRL+TAB - Move back between frames
 SHIFT+F10 - Display a shortcut menu for a link
 SHIFT+TAB - Move back through the items on a page
 CTRL+TAB - Move forward between frames
 CTRL+C - Copy selected items to the clipboard
 CTRL+V - Insert contents of the clipboard
 ENTER - Activate a selected link
 HOME - Move to the beginning of a document
 END - Move to the end of a document
 F1 - Display Internet Explorer Help